free water testing
pH levels
hard water

The pH level of your drinking water reflects how acidic it is. pH stands for “potential hydrogen,” referring to the amount of hydrogen mixed with the water. pH is measured on a scale that runs from 0-14. Seven is neutral, indicating there is no acid or alkalinity present. A measurement below 7 indicates acid is present and a measurement above 7 indicates alkalinity.

The normal range for pH in ground water lies between 6 and 8.5. By comparison, vinegar measures 3 pH, beer measures between 4 and 5, while milk measures around 6.4 pH.

Water with a low pH can be acidic, soft and corrosive. This water can leach metals from pipes and fixtures, such as copper, iron, lead, manganese and zinc. It can also cause damage to metal pipes and aesthetic problems, such as a metallic or sour taste, laundry staining or blue-green stains in sinks and drains.

Water that contains elevated levels of toxic metals could also show a low pH level.

Drinking water with a pH level above 8.5 could indicate that the water is hard. Hardness does not pose a health risk, but can cause aesthetic problems, such as an alkali taste to the water that makes coffee taste bitter; build-up of scale on pipes and fixtures than can lead to lower water pressure; build-up of deposits on dishes, utensils and laundry basins; difficulty in getting soap and detergent to foam; and lowered efficiency of electric water heaters.